Liam FoxEdit

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The Right Honourable

Liam Fox MP


Secretary of State for Defence

Assumed office

12 May 2010

Prime Minister David Cameron
Preceded by Bob Ainsworth

Shadow Secretary of State for Defence

In office

6 December 2005 –11 May 2010

Leader David Cameron
Preceded by Michael Ancram
Succeeded by Bob Ainsworth

Shadow Foreign Secretary

In office

10 May 2005 –6 December 2005

Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by Michael Ancram
Succeeded by William Hague

Chairman of the Conservative Party

In office

6 November 2003 –4 May 2005 Serving with The Lord Saatchi

Leader Michael Howard
Preceded by Theresa May
Succeeded by Francis Maude

Shadow Secretary of State for Health

In office

15 June 1999 –6 November 2003

Leader William Hague

Iain Duncan Smith

Preceded by Ann Widdecombe
Succeeded by Tim Yeo

Member of Parliament for North Somerset Woodspring (1992-2010)

Assumed office

9 April 1992

Preceded by Constituency established
Majority 7,862 (13.6%)

Born 22 September 1961 (1961-09-22) (age 49)

East Kilbride, South Lanarkshire, Scotland

Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Jesme Baird
Alma mater University of Glasgow
Occupation General practitioner


Liam Fox, MP (born 22 September 1961) is a British Conservative Party politician, currently the Secretary of State for Defence of the United Kingdom and Member of Parliament (MP) for North Somerset (known as Woodspring prior to 2010).

He was appointed as a Privy Counsellor on 13 May 2010.[1]


[hide]*1 Early life

[edit] Early lifeEdit

Fox was born and raised in East Kilbride, Scotland and brought up in a council house that his parents later bought. The only one of his siblings to be educated in the state sector, he attended St. Bride's High School. He studied medicine at the University of Glasgow Medical School, graduating with MB ChB in 1983. Fox is a general practitioner (he was a GP in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, before his election to Parliament), a former Civilian Army Medical Officer and Divisional Surgeon with St John Ambulance. He is a member of the Royal College of General Practitioners.[2]

Whilst studying at the University of Glasgow, he was a member of the Dialectic Society and became president of the Glasgow University Conservative Association. From there he advanced through the Conservative ranks. Fox contested the Hairmyres Ward of East Kilbride District Council in May 1984, coming second – 210 votes – to the incumbent Labour Councillor, Ed McKenna.

While studying medicine at Glasgow University in the early 1980s, Fox resigned his position on the university's Students Representative Council (SRC) in protest at the council passing a motion condemning the decision of the university's Glasgow University Union (GUU) not to allow a gay students society to join the union. The SRC motion called both the union's decision and the explanations given for it "bigoted". The GUU maintained its stance regardless and the controversy was reported in the national media while leading to many other university student unions up and down the country, including Edinburgh, cutting ties with their Glasgow counterparts. Explaining his decision to resign from the SRC and support the GUU's position, Fox was quoted as saying "I'm actually quite liberal when it comes to sexual matters. I just don't want the gays flaunting it in front of me, which is what they would do." When asked about the controversy in 2008, Fox remarked that "fortunately most of us have progressed from the days when we were students more than a quarter of a century ago".[3]

[edit] Member of ParliamentEdit

His first attempt to get elected as an MP for a Scottish constituency ended in failure when he contested Roxburgh and Berwickshire in the 1987 General Election. Thereafter, he sought and won nomination for the English constituency of Woodspring and was successful in being elected MP for that constituency at the 1992 General Election.

[edit] In GovernmentEdit

A little over a year after his election in 1992, Fox was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Home Secretary, Michael Howard, in June 1993. Thereafter, in July 1994, he was appointed an Assistant Government Whip. Following a limited government reshuffle in November 1995, he was appointed a Lord Commissioner of Her Majesty's Treasury – a Senior Government Whip. He was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office from 1996 to 1997.

In 1996, he brokered an accord in Sri Lanka, called the Fox Peace Plan, between Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunge’s PA and the opposition UNP of Ranil Wickremesinghe, on a bipartisan approach for ending the ethnic war. However, little has happened since then to suggest that the various parties have acted in good faith in the interests of peace.[4]

[edit] In OppositionEdit

[edit] Shadow CabinetEdit

In June 1997, Fox was appointed Opposition Front Bench Spokesman on Constitutional Affairs. Between 1999 and 2003 he was the Shadow Secretary of State for Health.

In November 2003, Fox was appointed campaign manager for Michael Howard following the no-confidence vote against the Conservative leader, Iain Duncan Smith. Fox was made co-chairman of the party by Michael Howard when he became party leader in November 2003. After the 2005 general election he was promoted within the Shadow Cabinet to become Shadow Foreign Secretary. On 7 December 2005 he was moved to Defence by new Leader of the Opposition David Cameron MP.

[edit] Leadership bidEdit

In September 2005, Fox announced he would join the contest to be the next leader of the Conservative party.

His campaign theme for the 2005 leadership race was based on the "broken society" theme, which he says Conservatives can address by returning emphasis to marriage and reforming welfare.

In the initial ballot of Conservative MPs, on 18 October, he gained enough support (42 votes) to avoid coming last, and put himself through to the second ballot to be held two days later.[5]

He was eliminated with 51 votes in third place behind David Cameron (90 votes) and David Davis (57 votes). Cameron, who eventually won the leadership election, gave Fox the role of Shadow Defence Secretary.

[edit] Secretary of State for DefenceEdit

He was appointed as Secretary of State for Defence in the cabinet of David Cameron on 12 May 2010 and that weekend flew out to Afghanistan with the Foreign Secretary, William Hague and the International Development Secretary, Andrew Mitchell to see first hand the issues facing the troops based there.

In July 2010 he said that the dire state of the public finances meant the Armed Forces could no longer be equipped to cover every conceivable danger. He said that the strongest signal that it will have to give up one or more of these capabilities, which have been maintained at the same time as contributing to collective security pacts such as NATO. “We don’t have the money as a country to protect ourselves against every potential future threat,” he said. “We have to look at where we think the real risks will come from, where the real threats will come from and we need to deal with that accordingly. The Russians are not going to come over the European plain any day soon,” he added. Dr Fox’s admission casts doubt on the future of the 25,000 troops currently stationed in Germany. The Defence Secretary has previously said that he hoped to withdraw them at some point, leaving Britain without a presence in the country for the first time since 1945.[6]

The Ministry of Defence is facing budget cuts of up to 20% over the next five years, according to some analysts, and the department is already grappling with a £37bn shortfall on programmes it has signed up to. The results of the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR) are expected around the same time as the cross-Government comprehensive spending review, which will be published on 20 October. The defence industry is very concerned that the review is being led by budget concerns rather than military need. Speaking in September 2010 Fox said on the possibility of sharing aircraft carriers with the French Navy that "I think it is unrealistic to share an aircraft carrier but, in other areas like tactical lift we can see what we can do," Liam Fox, said at a meeting in Paris with Herve Morin. "I can't deny that there is an element of urgency added by budget concerns."[7]

In September 2010 Fox in a private letter to David Cameron, Fox refuses to back any substantial reduction in the Armed Forces. He says it risks seriously damaging troops’ morale. The letter was written the night before a National Security Council (NSC) meeting on the Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR). In the letter Fox wrote that: "Frankly this process is looking less and less defensible as a proper SDSR (Strategic Defence and Strategy Review) and more like a "super CSR" (Comprehensive Spending Review). If it continues on its current trajectory it is likely to have grave political consequences for us". Fox continued saying that "Our decisions today will limit severely the options available to this and all future governments. The range of operations that we can do today we will simply not be able to do in the future. In particular, it would place at risk"[8]

In February 2011 Fox launched an attack on “ballooning” spending in his own department as figures show projects are running at least £8.8 billion over budget. The top 15 major procurement projects are now running at £8.8 billion over budget and, between them, are delayed by a total of 32 years. That includes the A400M transporter aircraft order that is £603 million over budget and six years behind schedule. He will criticise what he calls a “conspiracy of optimism based on poor cost-estimation, unrealistic timescales” at the MoD and in industry. “These practices in the MOD would simply not be tolerated in the private sector, and they will no longer be tolerated in the MoD.” A “new, frank and honest relationship between Government and industry” is needed and Mr Fox will signal that change must come.[9]

[edit] Defence and Security ReviewEdit

In a speech on the future of the Armed Forces to the House of Commons on 19 October Prime Minister David Cameron set out plans that would mean cuts 7,000 jobs go in the British Army; 5,000 in the Royal Navy; 5,000 in the Royal Air Force; and 25,000 civilian jobs at the Ministry of Defence. In terms of equipment, the RAF will lose the Nimrod reconnaissance aircraft programme, the entire Harrier jump-jet fleet will be scrapped, and bases will be turned over to the Army. The Army will have its tanks and heavy artillery cut by 40%, and half of the soldiers in Germany will return to the UK by 2015, with the rest brought home by 2030 and housed in former RAF bases. The Navy will have its destroyer and Frigate fleet cut from 23 to 19 (by cutting the type 22 frigates) and will be provided with less expensive frigates. It will also be affected by the loss of the Harriers. Overall, the defence budget is to be cut by 8% but Mr Cameron insisted that Britain would continue to meet the Nato target of spending 2% of GDP on defence.[10] In the same speech Cameron announced a national cyber security programme, costing £500m, "to fix shortfalls in cyber infrastructure", while more focus will be given to tackling terrorists such as Al Qaeda and dissident Irish republicans in what he said would be "continuing investment in our world class intelligence agencies". Army numbers will fall to 95,500 by 2015 - 7,000 fewer than today - but ground forces will continue to have vital operational role in the future, he said.[10]

[edit] PositionsEdit

[edit] IraqEdit

[3][4]Liam Fox in Basra, Iraq September 2008.He voted for the 2003 invasion of Iraq. As Shadow Defence Secretary he has supported the Government’s position of maintaining British troops in Iraq until the security situation on the ground allows for a withdrawal of troops but has been critical of the lack of post-invasion planning and poor equipment initially provided to British troops.[11] He supported the idea of the American Surge and believes that it has been successful.[12] Since becoming Shadow Defence Secretary he has visited Iraq on a number of occasions.[13]

[edit] AfghanistanEdit

He has been an outspoken supporter of the war in Afghanistan and the British presence there. He has been critical towards some of the European NATO partners whom he believes are not contributing enough to the effort in the more dangerous southern and eastern parts of Afghanistan.[14] Since becoming Shadow Defence Secretary he has visited Afghanistan on five occasions.[15][16][17][18][19]

In July 2010 Fox said that an early withdrawal of coalition troops from Afghanistan would risk a return of civil war and act as a "shot in the arm to jihadists" across the world, the defence secretary, Liam Fox, warned.In marked contrast to David Cameron, who pledged over the weekend to withdraw all British troops by 2015, Fox said Britain would be betraying the sacrifices of its fallen soldiers if it left "before the job is finished". British forces would be among the last to leave Afghanistan, he added, because they are stationed in Helmand, one the most dangerous provinces in the country. He said that "Were we to leave prematurely, without degrading the insurgency and increasing the capability of the Afghan national security forces, we could see the return of the destructive forces of transnational terror," he said. "Not only would we risk the return of civil war in Afghanistan, creating a security vacuum, but we would also risk the destabilisation of Pakistan with potentially unthinkable regional, and possibly nuclear, consequences."[20] [5][6]Liam Fox in Afghanistan with Air Marshal Stuart PeachBritish troops in the Sangin area of Afghanistan's Helmand province are to be replaced by US forces, the UK's Defence Secretary Liam Fox has said. The UK has suffered its heaviest losses in the area, with 99 deaths since 2001. About 1,000 Royal Marines are expected to leave and be redeployed to central Helmand by the end of 2010. Dr Fox told MPs UK forces had made "good progress" in Sangin, but the move would enable Britain to provide "more manpower and greater focus" on Helmand's busy central belt, leaving the north and south to the US. "The result will be a coherent and equitable division of the main populated areas of Helmand between three brigade-sized forces, with the US in the north and the south, and the UK-led Task Force Helmand, alongside our outstanding Danish and Estonian allies, in the central population belt," he told the House of Commons.[21]

On 19 July 2010 Fox said that within four years the Afghan army and police should take responsibility for security, leaving British troops to work only as military trainers. The date is a full year earlier than the deadline suggested by David Cameron this month, who said he wanted most troops back by 2015. Dr Fox said: "It has always been our aim to be successful in the mission and the mission has always said that the Afghan national security forces would be able to deal with their own security by 2014. We recognise that there will be further work to do in terms of training and improving the quality of those forces beyond that, which is why we have said training forces may be available after that date. But we have made it very clear that that will not be combat forces."[22]

[edit] IranEdit

He has spoken on a number of occasions regarding Iran’s nuclear ambitions and believes that all options, including the use of military force, have to be on the table. He is opposed to an Iran with a nuclear weapons capability.[23] In July 2007 he travelled to Iran. [7][8]Liam Fox meeting with General McChrystal in Kabul, Afghanistan July 2009.====[edit] NATO==== He has very strong Atlanticist views. He believes that NATO is the cornerstone of the United Kingdom and Europe’s defence and that NATO must have primacy over the European Union including the right of first refusal for all matters relating to the defence of continental Europe.[24] He has been critical of the common funding mechanism within NATO and has called for a system to be used that allows for more proportionate burden sharing between NATO member states for NATO led military operations.[25]

[edit] The European UnionEdit

He is considered to be staunchly Eurosceptic and opposed to European defence integration as well as European political integration. He is opposed to the European Commission having any role in defence policy. He believes that the European Security and Defence Policy duplicates and takes away scarce national resources from NATO.[26] He specifically opposes the defence provisions in the Lisbon Treaty.[27]

[edit] Capital punishmentEdit

He does not support capital punishment.[28]

[edit] AbortionEdit

Although no longer religious, he is critical of abortion and supports the traditional family – for "sociological", not moral reasons.[28][29]

[edit] Military welfareEdit

He has claimed on a number of occasions that the Military Covenant is broken and that the British Armed Forces are being asked to do too much for what they are resourced to do.[30][31]

Along with the leader of the Conservative Party, David Cameron, he established the Military Covenant Commission headed by Frederick Forsyth with the aim of finding ways to improve the welfare of service members, veterans, and their families under a future Conservative Government. Fox has a particular interest in mental health issues and has criticised the current British Government for failing to adequately address the problem.[32]

[edit] IsraelEdit

Fox is a strong supporter of Israel and is a member of Conservative Friends of Israel. In 2006 he said, "Israel’s enemies are our enemies and this is a battle in which we all stand together or we will all fall divided."[33] In January 2009, referring to Israel, he also said, “British support for any ally is never unqualified. International law and values must always be obeyed.’”[34]

[edit] Nuclear deterrentEdit

Fox believes that Britain should maintain its continuous at sea, independent, submarine based strategic nuclear deterrent based on the Trident missile system.[35] Fox believes that Britain is vulnerable to an electromagnetic pulse that would disable electrical circuits after the detonation of a nuclear device in the atmosphere.[36]

[edit] Defence procurementEdit

Fox has pledged to restructure the defence procurement process in the Ministry of Defence. He has also stated that it would be a matter of policy to see Britain’s share of global defence exports increasing under a Conservative Government.[37]

[edit] Elevated bilateral defence relationshipsEdit

Fox believes that it is in Britain’s national interest to build bilateral defence relations with key strategic partners. Fox has mentioned the United States, France, Norway, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and the other Gulf States.[38][39] [9][10]Liam Fox MP with Mayor Rudolph Giuliani and The Rt Hon. The Baroness Thatcher.====[edit] The United States of America==== He is a strong believer in the Special Relationship between the United Kingdom and the United States. He is the UK Director and founding member of The Atlantic Bridge. A UK based charity that aims to preserve and promote the Special Relationship.[40]

Fox was able to retain a good relationship with the administration of George W. Bush, despite a five year break down in relations between the Conservative and Republican parties over the Iraq War. He led the Conservative delegation to the 2008 Republican National Convention.[41]

[edit] ExpensesEdit

In March 2010 Fox appealed Sir Thomas Legg's decision that he had over claimed £22,476 in mortgage interest payments. Fox immediately[42] repaid the money, then appealed the decision. Fox's appeal was rejected and the decision was upheld by Sir Paul Kennedy, a former high court judge.[43]

Fox stated that his decision to remortgage his second home to pay for redecorations and claim the higher interest repayments on his expenses represented value for money because he could have charged the taxpayer for the decorating bills directly. In his response, Sir Paul Kennedy stated: "What you claimed was not recoverable under the rules then in force. I entirely accept that, like many others, you could have made other claims if the fees office had rejected your claims for mortgage interest, and that you may well have spent some of what you raised by increasing your mortgage on your constituency home, but the evidence is imprecise, and my terms of reference only allow me to interfere if I find special reasons in your individual case showing that it would not be fair and equitable to require repayment, either at all or at the level recommended."[42] This reportedly made him the Conservative Shadow Cabinet member with the largest over-claim on expenses, and as a result, he has been forced to repay the most money.[44]

It was reported in June 2009 that Fox claimed expenses of more than £19,000 over the last four years for his mobile phone. Fox claimed the high bill was due to regular trips overseas, in his capacity as Shadow Defence Secretary and said he was looking for a cheaper tariff.[45]

[edit] Breaches of parliamentary rulesEdit

In March 2010, Fox admitted breaking parliamentary rules on two occasions by visiting Sri Lanka on a trip paid for by the Sri Lankan government without declaring the trip in the Register of Members' Financial Interests in the required time of 30 days and failing to declare an interest in Sri Lanka when asking ministers how much UK aid had been given to Sri Lanka. In fact, Fox has declared all of his trips to Sri Lanka paid for by the Sri Lankan government in the Register of Members' Financial Interests.[46] However, one trip he took in November 2007 was declared two months late. Fox blamed a "changeover of staffing responsibilities" for this error.[47] Regarding his failure to declare an interest when asking a minister about Sri Lanka Fox said, "I should have noted an interest and will be writing to the registrar to make this clear."[47]

Of the five trips to Sri Lanka mentioned in the BBC article only three were paid for fully by the Sri Lankan government. Those not paid in full by the Sri Lankan government were paid for by the Sri Lankan Development Trust.[46]

In a statement, Dr Fox said: "I have been involved in attempts to promote peace and reconciliation in Sri Lanka, involving all sides of the ethnic divide, since I was a foreign minister in 1997. During my most recent visit I spoke at a press conference to outline my reasons for being there. The declaration of the visit you refer to in November 2007 was highlighted in an end-of-year audit following a changeover of staffing responsibilities. The registrar was immediately notified and my register entry was updated accordingly. All visits have been fully declared on the House of Commons Register of Members' Interests and are therefore public knowledge and entirely legitimate.I do, however, recognise that when asking one question in 2008, I should have noted an interest and will be writing to the registrar to make this clear. [48]

[edit] FinancesEdit

Dr Fox is a registered shareholder of the medical educational firm Arrest Ltd.[49] His estimated wealth is £1m.[50][51]

Fox accepted a £50,000 donation from Jon Moulton, whose investment firm, Better Capital, later went on to own Gardner Aerospace, an aerospace metallic manufactured details supplier which includes component parts for both military and civilian aircraft.[52] This potentially exposed Dr Fox to conflict of interest but neither Fox nor Moulton violated any rules with this donation.[53] Since all Members of Parliament are required to state in what capacity they receive any donation Fox stated in his entry in the Register of Members’ Interests that he accepted the cash “in my capacity as Shadow Secretary of State for Defence”.[54]

[edit] Personal lifeEdit

On 10 June 2005, he announced his engagement to long-term girlfriend Dr Jesme Baird, 37, a fellow doctor who works at the Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation and is also an alumna of the University of Glasgow. They married at St Margaret's Church opposite Parliament on 17 December 2005.[55]

[edit] StylesEdit

  • Mr Liam Fox (22 September 1961-1983)
  • Dr Liam Fox (1983-9 April 1992)
  • Liam Fox MP (9 April 1992-13 May 2010)
  • The Right Honourable Liam Fox MP (13 May 2010– )

[edit] See alsoEdit

[edit] ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Privy Council appointments, 13 May 2010". Privy Council. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
  2. ^ "BBC News Article". BBC News. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2011.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Aid, Conflict and Peace Building in Sri Lanka" (PDF). The Conflict, Security and Development Group. July 2001. Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  5. ^ "Fox says he has 'great momentum'". BBC News. 18 October 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
  6. ^ Britain no longer has the cash to defend itself from every threat, says Liam Fox
  7. ^ UK and France won't share aircraft carriers, says Defence Secretary Liam Fox
  8. ^ Defence cuts: Liam Fox's leaked letter in full
  9. ^ Fox to crack down on military overspends
  10. ^ a b Defence review: David Cameron says 42,000 jobs to go
  11. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (1 March 2010). "‘House of Commons Opposition Day debate on Defence’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  12. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (26 March 2009). "‘No more British troops without a fair deal’". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  13. ^ "'MP strolls around downtown Basra'". Basra Blog. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  14. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam (28 September 2009). "‘If Afghanistan will be lost, it will be lost at home’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  15. ^ "‘Cameron praises troops during surprise visit to Afghanistan’". Daily Mail. UK. 24 July 2006. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  16. ^ "‘Armed Forces face 'failure' in Afghanistan’". The Daily Telegraph (London). 25 November 2007. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  17. ^ "‘Liam Fox visits British troops serving in Afghanistan’". Conservative Home. 27 March 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  18. ^ "‘Liam Fox demands "urgent" review of Armed Forces Compensation Scheme’". Conservative Home. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  19. ^ Prince, Rosa (4 December 2009). "‘David Cameron: ‘time is running out’ in Afghanistan’". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  20. ^ Liam Fox insists army cannot leave Afghanistan until job done
  21. ^ UK troops in Afghanistan to pull out of Sangin
  22. ^ Liam Fox: troops will leave Afghanistan by 2014
  23. ^ Rayment, Sean (6 February 2010), "Tories would back war with Iran", The Daily Telegraph (London),, retrieved 7 February 2010
  24. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (11 February 2010). "‘The EU should only act when NATO cannot’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  25. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (8 December 2010). "‘NATO members must help fund security in Afghanistan’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  26. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (11 February 2010). "‘The EU should only act when NATO cannot’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  27. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (20 February 2008). "‘House of Commons Debat eon the Treaty of Lisbon". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  28. ^ a b Kite, Melissa, (20 September 2005). "‘Fox courts religious Right with plea to limit abortion to 12 weeks’". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  29. ^ Carrell, Severin, (5 February 2001). "‘Fox repeats backing for abortion ban’". London: Independent. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  30. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (2 October 2007). "‘We need a Government that honours our Armed Forces’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  31. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (1 March 2010). "‘House of Commons Opposition Day debate on Defence’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  32. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (18 March 2009). "’We must defuse timebomb of veterans' mental health’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  33. ^ Supporting Israel
  34. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (5 January 2009). "‘’Liam Fox: You Ask The Questions’". London: Independent. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  35. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (11 February 2010). "‘The EU should only act when NATO cannot’". Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  36. ^
  37. ^ "‘Dr Liam Fox joins industry to discuss future defence policy matters’" (PDF). ‘Aerospace, Defence, Security’ ADS. 19 March 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  38. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (11 February 2010). "‘The EU should only act when NATO cannot’". Retrieved 4 March 2010.
  39. ^ Fox, Dr. Liam, (8 February 2010). "‘The Strategic Defence and Security Review: A Conservative View of Defence and Future Challenges’". Royal United Services Institute (RUSI). Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  40. ^ "The Atlantic Bridge". Retrieved 3 September 2008.
  41. ^ Baldwin, Tom; Kennedy, Siobhan (22 August 2008). "Convention fever: MPs fly in hoping to find prescription for success". The Times (London). Retrieved 12 September 2008.
  42. ^ a b Siddique, Haroon (16 March 2010). "’Liam Fox loses appeal over £22,500 MPs' expenses payback’". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  43. ^ "Senior Tory Liam Fox loses expenses appeal and must repay £20,000". 16 March 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  44. ^ Prince, Rosa (17 March 2010). "MPs’ expenses: Liam Fox becomes highest shadow cabinet repayer". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 20 March 2010.
  45. ^ "‘Scots tory Liam Fox claims £19,000 mobile phone bill on expenses’". 21 June 2009. Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  46. ^ a b "‘The Register of Members' Financial Interests’". March 2010. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  47. ^ a b BBC MPs' foreign visit rules breached 22 March 2010
  48. ^ BBC Liam Fox MP: Foreign trips and rule breaches 22 March 2010
  49. ^ They work for you
  50. ^ "The new ruling class". NewStatesman. Retrieved 11 October 2009.
  51. ^ Glen Owen The coalition of millionaires: 23 of the 29 member of the new cabinet are worth more than £1m... and the Lib Dems are just as wealthy as the Tories Mail on Sunday 23 May 2010
  52. ^ "‘Scots tory Liam Fox claims £19,000 mobile phone bill on expenses’". Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  53. ^ Francis Elliott Liam Fox accepted £50,000 from defence firm donor The Times 9 February 2010
  54. ^ "‘House of Commons, The Code of Conduct’". Retrieved 23 March 2010.
  55. ^ "Liam Fox weds his long-time love". BBC News. 18 December 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2008.

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